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Philip Gardner


University Senior Lecturer

E-mail Address


01223 767643



Membership of Professional Bodies/Associations

  • Fellow of the Royal Historical Society (FRHistS)
  • Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and Manufacturing (FRSA)
  • British Educational Research Association
  • History of Education Society

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Philip Gardner taught for twelve years in comprehensive schools, teaching history and sociology, before joining the Faculty in 1990. He is particularly interested in the history of education and in developing histories of teachers and classroom teaching as an aspect of professional knowledge and understanding. In methodological terms, his principal concerns lie in the exploration of relationships between uses of the written word and the spoken word in representing or reconstructing the educational past.

Academic Area/Links

  • History of Education
  • Research Methods

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Research Topics

  • The relationship of history with memory
  • The theory and practice of oral history
  • Nineteenth and early twentieth century educational policy and practice
  • Empire, imperial policy and education
  • The history of the classroom
  • The social history of teachers, teaching and teacher education

Current Research Projects

E.B. Sargant and the Pedagogy of Empire

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Course Involvement

  • Education Tripos
  • MPhil in Educational Research
  • MPhil in Politics, Democracy and Education
  • PhD programme

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Gardner, P., (2010) Hermeneutics, History and Memory. Routledge.

Cunningham P., Gardner, P., (2004) Becoming Teachers: Texts and testimonies 1907-1950. Woburn Press.

Gardner, P., (1984) The Lost Elementary Schools of Victorian England. Croom Helm.

Recent articles:

Gardner, P. (2013) 'Memory, Identity and Witness:  The Forgotten Memoir of Lionel Curtis'. Cultural and Social History 10 (1). 109-128.

Gardner, P. (2012) 'The Educational Afterlife of Greater Britain, 1903-1914'. Paedagogica Historica 48 (5). 770-791.

Gardner, P. (2011) 'Hermeneutics and History'. Discourse Studies 13 (5), 575-581.

Gardner, P. (2007) 'The "Life-long Draught": From Learning to Teaching and Back. History of Education 36 (4-5). 465-82.

Gardner, P. (2007) 'Young Teachers and Corporal Punishment in Interwar Elementary Schools in Britain, 1900-1939' in A. Potts and

T. O'Donoghue, Schools as Dangerous Places. Cambria. 243-84.

Gardner, P., (2004) 'Literacy, learning and education' in C. Williams (Ed.) A Companion to Nineteenth Century Britain. Blackwell. 353-68.

Gardner, P., (2004) '"There and not seen": EB Sargant and educational reform 1884-1905'. History of Education 33 (6). 609-35.

Gardner, P., (2003) 'Oral history in education: teacher's memory and teachers' history'. History of Education 32 (2). 175-88.