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Audrey K. Kittredge


Research Associate

E-mail Address


+ 44 (0) 1223 767 699


  • PhD in Cognitive Psychology (University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA)
  • BA in Linguistics (Brown University, USA)

Membership of Professional Bodies/Associations

  • Institute of Education Sciences postdoctoral trainee (2012-2015)
  • Latin American School for Education, Cognitive and Neural Sciences fellowships (2011, 2014)
  • National Science Foundation "National Living Lab" stipend (2014-2015)
  • National Science Foundation grant towards inter-Science of Learning Centers conference (2014)
  • National Science Foundation graduate research fellowship (2006-2010)
  • National Institutes of Health "Language Processing training program" graduate trainee (2005-2006)

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Audrey is a Research Associate at PEDAL, a LEGO Foundation-funded centre for research on Play in Education, Development and Learning. Audrey comes to the Faculty of Education from the Psychology Department at Carnegie Mellon University, where she held a postdoctoral traineeship from the US Institute of Education Sciences.

Audrey’s research seeks to understand the mechanisms of learning in early childhood. She probes children's problem-solving in playful activities and investigates how it is shaped by interactions with adults, in both laboratory and school-based studies. The goal of this work is to simultaneously inform educational program design and advance theories of child development.

To learn more about Audrey’s research, go to:

Academic Area/Links

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Research Topics

  • Early years / preschool / kindergarten education
  • Educational program development
  • Effects of instruction on children's exploration
  • Experimentation and scientific reasoning in early childhood
  • Innovation in children's problem-solving
  • Long-term effects of early learning experiences
  • Metacognition in early childhood

Current Research Project(s)

  • Developing and assessing play-based pedagogies for early childhood (in collaboration with Dr. Sara Baker, PEDAL Research Centre, University of Cambridge)
  • Assessing experimentation and scientific reasoning in early childhood with touchscreen technology (in collaboration with Dr. David Klahr and Kevin Willows, Carnegie Mellon University)
  • Investigating the effect of teaching demonstrations on exploration in early childhood (in collaboration with Dr. David Klahr and Dr. Anna Fisher, Carnegie Mellon University)

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Audrey is not teaching on any courses at this time.

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Principal and Recent Publications


Kittredge, A. K., & Dell, G. S. (in press). Learning to speak by listening: Transfer of phonotactics from perception to production. Journal of Memory and Language.

Weisberg, D. S., Kittredge, A. K., Hirsh-Pasek, K. Golinkoff, R. M., & Klahr, D. (2015). Guided play: making play work for education. Phi Delta Kappan, 96(8), 8-13.

Baillargeon, R., Stavans, M., Wu, D., Gertner, Y., Setoh, P., Kittredge, A. K., & Bernard, A. (2012). Object individuation and physical reasoning in infancy: An integrative account. Language Learning and Development, 8(1), 4-46.

Nozari, N., Kittredge, A. K., Dell, G. S., & Schwartz, M. F. (2010). Naming and repetition in aphasia: Steps, routes, and frequency effects. Journal of Memory and Language, 63(4), 541-559.

Kittredge, A. K., Dell, G. S., Verkuilen, J., & Schwartz, M. F. (2008). Where is the effect of lexical frequency in word production? Insights from aphasic picture naming errors. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 25(4), 463-492.

Dell, G.S., Oppenheim, G.M., & Kittredge, A.K. (2008). Saying the right word at the right time: Syntagmatic and paradigmatic interference in sentence production. Language and Cognitive Processes, 23, 583-608.

Kittredge, A., Davis, L., & Blumstein, S. E. (2006). Effects of nonlinguistic auditory variations on lexical processing in Broca’s aphasia. Brain & Language, 97(1), 25-40.


Kittredge, A. K., Klahr, D., & Willows, K. (2015). Thinking about play: spontaneous experiments and verbal scientific reasoning. Poster presented at the meeting of the Cognitive Development Society, Columbus, OH.

Kittredge, A. K., Klahr, D., & Willows, K. (2015). Thinking about play: young children’s spontaneous experiments and scientific reasoning. Talk presented at the Workshop on Digital Assessment and Promotion of Children’s Curiosity, 14th international conference on Interaction Design and Children, Boston, MA.

Kittredge, A. K., Klahr, D., & Fisher, A. V. (2015). The pedagogy of discovery. Talk presented as part of the symposium “Sensitivity to subtleties in children's early learning and teaching” at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL.